Xi's political program for the future : 14 points.
In his report to the plenary to open the Congress, Xi Jinping has announced the points his administration should focus on in the future.
1/ Modernizing Marxism in China.
This is Alice Ekman's thesis: Xi is genuinely Marxist, even if it means putting economic points behind ideological policies. The report seems to support this thesis.: the modernization of Marxism comes first in Xi's report.
“Marxist scientific theory is the foundation (…) of our Party and its understanding of the history“, lit-on. “Chinese Communists are deeply aware that only by combining the basic principles of Marxism with the concrete reality of China and with the excellent traditional Chinese culture (…) that they will be able to ensure the vitality of Marxism“.
For Xi, modernizing Marxism constitutes “historical responsibilitye” chinese communists.
2/ Fulfilling the Great Renewal of the Chinese Nation
But what does that mean? Xi gives the elements in order of importance. First and foremost, adhere to the party leadership. Ensuite, adhere to socialism with Chinese characteristics. Achieve high-quality China development. Develop a people's democracy. Enrich the spiritual world of the people. Achieving harmonious coexistence between Man and Nature. Promoting a community of destiny for humanity, “pour create a new form of human civilization“. And this, at the due date 2049.
In other words, the rejuvenation of the chinese nation, it is a party stronger than ever, which can rely on powerful technology and a docile population to reshape international balances more favorably to China.
At this level, we recommend the book by Hugo Plassais, China, a responsible actor, revisionist or reformist, published by Harmattan.
3/ Development says ``high quality``.
This consists of developing domestic demand, consolidate state enterprises (or SOE) et “to guide” the private sector in line with Xi's political ambition.
During this long development (no need to applaud), Xi once cites the One Belt One Road Initiative, a programmatic axis that has fallen into disuse in China.
4/ Renforcer la recherche et l'éducation
- Take better control of education. Lately, the so-called education “hors campus” was severely repressed by the government. Sous Xi Jinping, there is only one education possible: hers. This means above all: to develop the morality of the population [Carry out the fundamental task of Lideshuren].
- Become self-sufficient in science and technology. Still damaged by the China-US trade war, the government now wishes to put itself beyond the reach of any retaliatory measure from a political or commercial adversary.
- The technology that interests us, it is the one that serves the national interests.
5 / Establish a people's democracy.
Right away, Xi specifies: “we are a people's democratic socialist dictatorship” [Socialist country under the people's democratic dictatorship], which would be based on the alliance between the workers and the peasants.
To strengthen people's democracy, according to the Chinese leader, it's necessary “expand participation ordered People” [Expand people's orderly political participation]. He specifies: “popular democracy, it is the most extensive democracy, the most real and effective” [The Essential Attributes of Socialist Democratic Politics，is the most extensive、The most true、Democracy at its best].
But concretely, nothing is proposed except to extend the power of democratic control of the CPPCC, namely the only assembly totally deprived of power, in practice as in the constitution.
Still, it's amusing to watch Xi Jinping and his followers crack a semblance of democratic decorum, Permanently, when the very content of these declarations is only a succession of nonsense and misinterpretation. However, it reveals the overall awareness of Chinese leaders of the danger of a competing political system in a powerful country, and what's more attractive, whether it's the US or Europe (considered a country in China).
6/ Building a rule of law.
Beautiful statements of principle that the law should be applied impartially with the constitution at its center.
Let's not forget that China ignores the separation of powers.
Likewise, the Supreme Court obeys the directives of the Party, and this obligation is enshrined in its very articles of incorporation (read in particular this paper by Professor Li Ling On the question).
Since then, Right wing state, it is simply a country subject to the exorbitant powers of the Party leaders, without possibility of appeal.
7/ Promote cultural trust
This axis is interesting, but this speech does not bring anything new. Xi Jinping wants to build a revolutionary culture that can challenge Western cultural supremacy.
The idea led the Party to minimize or even erase the horrors committed by the Party in the past, including the cultural revolution, which is gradually disappearing from the teaching corpus of young students.
In the same way, it is this desire to promote Chinese cultural trust that has pushed Xi Jinping to bring to the forefront Chinese traditions that have fallen into oblivion, like the famous TCM (traditional chinese medicine) whose official promotion borders on the ridiculous.
The explosion of big-budget films focused on the greatness of China, whether in history or around its contemporary army under Xi's mandate also stem from this idea of a cultural trust to be regained.
Ditto for the various Chinese cultural soft power programs, especially in Africa, placed under the patronage of the famous United Front.
8/ Improve people's lives
This is the historical mission of the Party: govern the people in their interest, and improve his lot.
Xi Jinping souhaite, he said, improve the system of redistribution of wealth and “encourage work to make a fortune“. Using a well-known slogan in France, he even announces that he wants “adhere to the principle of getting more for more work” [Persist in more pay for more work], either work more to earn more.
He does not forget the women, who must obtain equal opportunities with men, in particular thanks to aid in the event of pregnancy.
He also does not forget the problem of the aging of the population, that will have to be addressed.
Finally, he wishes to facilitate access to healthcare for Chinese people, before specifying that it is… traditional chinese medicine. Damage
9/ Ecology - green development.
In this programmatic point, nothing salient. We must preserve the environment, decarbonize the economy, save landscapes and conserve “a beautiful china”.
10/ national security
National security and social stability go hand in hand in China, and this speech is no exception.
It has three aspects:
- Physical security (see in particular our post).
- Political security (we don't know what it is) and economical
- International Security.
On this last point, the Chinese presence in the South China Sea and the protection of its trade routes were undoubtedly on Xi's mind, when he gave his speech.
Few points of concrete application in this part, so we move on to the next one:
11/ Modernizing National Defense
Here again, nothing new. Xi wishes to make his soldiers a “world class army”, able to compete with the USA. This army must be placed “under the absolute leadership of the Party” and be appropriately politicized. “The barrel of the weapon always obeys the orders of the Party”, Reminds Xi, directly quoting Mao in this regard.
12/ Reunify the Fatherland.
It's necessary “solve the Taiwan problem” [solve the taiwan problem].
He specifies: “solving the Taiwan problem is the business of the Chinese people, and it is up to the Chinese to decide“. On this point, Xi accepts no foreign interference, which corresponds to his vision of Chinese sovereignty and, somehow, to the provisions of international law as it exists today.
“We insist on the prospect of peaceful reunification with the utmost sincerity and our best efforts., but we will never promise to renounce the use of military force and we reserve the possibility of taking all necessary measures“, he said. [We adhere to the utmost sincerity、Do your best to fight for the prospect of peaceful reunification，but never promise to renounce the use of force,Leave the option to take all necessary actions (…)].
13 / Promouvoir la paix et le développement dans le monde et construire une communauté de destin pour l'humanité
Here again, nothing new. Partenariats win-win, promote an open world economy, multilateralism, safeguard the common interests of developing countries, refuse double standards.
China's procrastination and renunciations vis-à-vis the crisis in Ukraine have, Of course, put lead in the wing of this somewhat worn rhetoric of the Party under Xi. These elements of language have also somewhat disappeared from the official press lately..
“China will never seek hegemony and will never engage in a policy of expansion“, said Xi Jinping, taking up a usual cliché of Chinese diplomacy under the post-Mao CCP.
14/ Governing the Party without weakening.
“The key to building a modern socialist country and promoting the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation lies in the Party“, launches Xi at the start of the game. He affirms that “the whole party” must remember that strict governance is always the order of the day. In other words, Xi hasn't finished sanitizing the device.
“We must push self-purification, party self-innovation and self-improvement”, he specifies [Comprehensively promote the self-purification of the party、self improvement、self innovation、self improvement，Make our party stick to its original mission].
He announces a strengthening of disciplinary controls within the Party, and suggests that he will no longer suffer opposition within the central committee [We must uphold and strengthen the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee，Sound overall situation、Coordinating the party leadership system of all parties，Improve the Party Central Committee's major decision-making and deployment implementation mechanism，ensure that the whole party is on a political stance、political direction、political principles、Maintain a high degree of consistency with the Party Central Committee on the political road，ensure party unity], before comparing corruption to “pire cancer” that eats away at the party.
On this point, We invite you to take a look to our latest article on the recent purges of the Party ahead of this Congress.
To end his speech, Xi lance:
Comrades ! (…) whole party, the entire army and the people of all ethnic groups in the country must unite closely around the Party Central Committee, keep in mind that empty words will lead the country astray and hard work will rejuvenate it. Let's support the great rejuvenation of the nation !
Comrades! The party has created a century-old great cause with great struggle，We will surely be able to create new great achievements with new great struggles。The whole party, the whole army and the people of all ethnic groups in the country must unite closely around the Party Central Committee，Keep in mind that empty talk harms the country、Work hard to prosper the country，firm confidence、One heart and one mind，hard work、forge ahead，To build a modern socialist country in an all-round way、Comprehensively promote the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and work together!
Nothing new, SO, but rather a deepening of its policy. The most interesting remains the disappearance of certain essential tenons from the beginning of his mandate., starting with the New Silk Roads Initiative (BRI), barely quoted once in the whole speech.
The absence also of precise points of economic uncertainties in China, of which the systemic financial risk of the real estate system. The question was present in the draft of the report, but erased on arrival.
The Shanghai Composite lost > 5% over the past month, its worst pre-Congress showing EVER.
“House is for living in 房住不炒” was skipped but in the speech draft. It doesn’t mean it’s abandoned as some think, but that it has become norm & routine. https://t.co/7Uzk5ZcN9Q
— Hao HONG Hong Hao, CFA (@HAOHONG_CFA) October 17, 2022
The fact also of not mentioning the Covid-19 once. It is simply a question of limiting the spread of epidemics. The government does not seem to want to get out of the 0-covid policy despite the discontent of the whole country. A sign of his serenity vis-à-vis his base and his power in China.
To be continued.